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Table 2 Inquiry of quality of life using the QLQ-C30, QLQ-H&N35

From: Minimally invasive surgery alone compared with intensity-modulated radiotherapy for primary stage I nasopharyngeal carcinoma

EORTC scale score ENPG (N = 10) IMRT (N = 220) P
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
QLQ-C30
 Global health status 99.2 ± 2.6 96.5 ± 11.5 0.638
Functional scales
 Physical functioning 98.7 ± 2.8 96.6 ± 14.4 0.738
 Role functioning 100 97.4 ± 14.9 0.568
 Emotional functioning 99.2 ± 2.6 98.5 ± 7.0 0.643
 Cognitive functioning 96.7 ± 7.0 97.7 ± 8.3 0.336
 Social functioning 100 97.4 ± 14.5 0.540
Symptom scales
 Fatigue 1.1 ± 3.5 2.2 ± 12.0 0.402
 Nausea and vomiting 0 0.2 ± 2.5 0.763
 Pain 0 2.3 ± 10.2 0.449
 Dyspnea 0 0.6 ± 4.5 0.668
 Insomnia 0 1.7 ± 9.1 0.540
 Appetite loss 0 8.3 ± 15.8 0.086
 Constipation 0 0.3 ± 3.2 0.763
 Diarrhea 0 0.2 ± 2.2 0.831
 Financial difficulties 0 2.4 ± 14.4 0.568
QLQ-H & N35
 Pain 0 4.1 ± 7.4 0.042
 Swallowing 0 11.4 ± 18.5 0.016
 Senses problems 3.3 ± 10.5 2.3 ± 7.8 0.884
 Speech problems 0 1.7 ± 5.6 0.307
 Social eating 1.7 ± 3.5 4.3 ± 9.6 0.431
 Social contact 0 1.2 ± 7.0 0.568
 Sexuality 0 2.9 ± 12.4 0.394
 Teeth 3.3 ± 10.5 5.5 ± 15.0 0.749
 Opening mouth 0 5.5 ± 12.4 0.165
 Dry mouth 3.3 ± 10.5 34.4 ± 25.8 < 0.001
 Sticky saliva 3.3 ± 10.5 32.6 ± 23.3 < 0.001
 Coughing 0 0.8 ± 5.0 0.631
 Felt ill 0 3.3 ± 17.1 0.515
 Pain killers 0 2.7 ± 18.9 0.631
 Nutritional supplements 0 3.6 ± 23.1 0.598
 Feeding tube 0 0.5 ± 6.7 0.831
 Weight loss 10.0 ± 31.6 10.0 ± 45.7 0.572
 Weight gain 0 2.7 ± 16.3 0.597
  1. Italic values indicate significance of P value (P < 0.05)
  2. EORTC the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, QLQ-C30 Quality-of-Life Questionnaire–Core 30 general, QLQ-H&N35 head and Neck–specific questionnaires, ENPG endoscopic nasopharyngectomy, IMRT intensity-modulated radiotherapy, SD standard deviation