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Table 1 Univariate analysis of all 12 parameters compared between patients with benign urachal masses and those with urachal carcinoma

From: Clinical comparison of patients with benign urachal masses versus urachal carcinomas

Variable Benign urachal masses (cases) Urachal carcinoma (cases) P value
Total 17 30  
Sex    0.053
 Male 7 21  
 Female 10 9  
Gross hematuria    0.021
 Present 6 21  
 Absent 11 9  
Lower urinary tract symptoms    0.011
 Present 8 4  
 Absent 9 26  
Palpable mass    0.632
 Present 1 3  
 Absent 16 27  
Lower abdominal pain    0.004
 Present 8 3  
 Absent 9 27  
Mucinuria    0.283
 Present 0 2  
 Absent 17 28  
White blood cell count    0.001
 ≥10 × 109/L 7 0  
 <10 × 109/L 10 30  
Percentage of neutrophils (%)    0.004
 ≥70 9 3  
 <70 8 27  
Calcification    0.449
 Present 6 14  
 Absent 11 16  
Fatty infiltration of the Retzius space    <0.001
 Present 12 1  
 Absent 5 29  
Diffuse thickening of adjacent bladder wall    <0.001
 Present 9 0  
 Absent 8 30