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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of all enrolled patients

From: Prospective, single-center cohort study analyzing the efficacy of complete laparoscopic resection on recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma

Characteristic Laparoscopic group Open surgery group (control) P value
Sex (cases)    0.904
 Men 26 27  
 Women 5 6  
Age (years)    0.413
 Median 54 59.5  
 Range 37–66 34–65  
BMI    0.912
 Median 24.4 25.0  
 Range 19.1–31.0 21.8–29.9  
Initial surgical lesion site (cases)    0.665
 Right lobe 22 25  
 Left lobe 9 8  
Primary tumor size (cm) 4.1 ± 1.5 4.9 ± 2.6 0.382
Time to recurrence (months) 28.4 ± 27.7 27.5 ± 16.3 0.282
Size of recurrent tumor (cm) 2.5 ± 1.0 3.8 ± 1.1 0.45
Recurrent site (cases)    0.632
 Right lobe 16 19  
 Left lobe 15 14  
Operation method (cases)    0.955
 Left lateral lobectomy 12 13  
 Local resection 19 20  
Total bilirubin (μmol/L) 31.2 ± 7.4 33.7 ± 10.4 0.742
Albumin (g/L) 35.2 ± 3.3 36.4 ± 4.3 0.532
ALT (U/L) 49.6 ± 6.4 76.3 ± 7.5 0.671
AST (U/L) 52.4 ± 7.4 69.4 ± 8.4 0.832
Prothrombin time (s) 11.5 ± 0.7 12.4 ± 1.0 0.651
AFP (cases)    0.264
 >400 ng/mL 27 24  
 <400 ng/mL 4 9  
HBV-DNA (log10 IU/mL) 3.50 ± 0.8 3.0 ± 0.2 0.192
  1. BMI body mass index, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, AFP α-fetoprotein, HBV hepatitis B virus